Monday, 03 August 2020

E Editorial

Property Rights: Legal Process or New Redistributions?

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Since 2018, when the main motto of the change of government was to “return what was stolen from the people to the people”, it became clear that the main problem of Armenia is the right to property.  Without the inviolability of property rights, an economy cannot develop and, in general, be an economy, because property is at the core of society’s economic relations.  The countries that have managed to solve this problem have not only gained the reputation of a civilized nation, but also developed economically, have been able to create a stable justice system, protect human rights and, above all, property rights, which is the cornerstone of progress in all respects.

The right to property is a much broader concept than the inviolability of movable and immovable property.  Speech, conscience, dignity, privacy, right to life, personal data and many other similar concepts are also the property of the person and also inviolable.  It is enough for one of them to stay out of the realm of inviolability, to become a topic of discussion for the crowd or a tool in its hands, then it can be asserted that there is no right in the country at all.

Here is the domino effect we saw during the blockade of the courts.  The elements of the same effect are also present in the context of the decision to hold a referendum on the composition of the Constitutional Court.  Justice cannot be put to a referendum, the legitimacy of court decisions is not determined by the crowd gathered in front of the courts.  These were the most volatile events since 2018.

By and large, there have been many illegalities on this side of 1990, and there have been many in the last thirty years.  Such a path has been taken by all the countries of the post-Soviet Union and the former Soviet camp, as well as by the Western powers during the brutal times of “wild capitalism” and “pre-accumulation of capital.” South Korea has gone through a no less horrific phase of corruption, where it has so far struggled with the effects of this social evil and reaped the benefits of becoming one of the most economically developed countries in the world.

The public must realize and accept the inviolability of property.  That’s why it has a very difficult way to go.  Of course, the “pilferers” will compensate the society, but the economy should not suffer from it, people’s rights should not be violated, everything should be done on the basis of legality.  It seems that this is the fundamental problem of today’s Armenia, and on it depends whether we will become a stable and developing state or will we remain a failed country, which must be taken under foreign rule? Now we are at the crossroads, and unfortunately the impression is that we are tending toward the second path.

You can’t correct illegality with a new illegality.  It is a path to new shocks and new vendettas.  The public must accept that what is happening is a legal and fair process, not a new redistribution of property.

The Armenian Center for National and International Studies

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Yerevan, Armenia


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